J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2014 May 27. [Epub ahead of print]

Effectiveness of massage therapy as co-adjuvant treatment to exercise in osteoarthritis of the knee: A randomized control trial.


Cortes VG, Izquierdo TG, Navas IL, Mart N DP.
METHODS: A blind, randomized controlled trial design was used. Eighteen women were randomly allocated to two different groups. Group A was treated with massage therapy and an exercise program, and Group B was treated with the exercise program alone. The intervention lasted for 6 weeks. Outcomes were assessed using a verbal analogue scale(VAS), the WOMAC index, and the Get-Up and Go test. Baseline, post-treatment, and 1- and 3- month follow-up data were collected.

RESULTS: In both groups, significant differences were found in the three variables between the baseline measurement and three months after treatment, with the exception of the WOMAC variable in group B, suggesting that combining exercise-based therapy with massage therapy may lead to clinical improvement in patients with KOA.


Int J Ther Massage Bodywork. 2013;6(1):4-14. Epub 2013 Mar 1.

The effects of self-massage on osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized, controlled trial.


Atkins DV1, Eichler DA.

METHODS: The study investigated the outcomes of a self-rnassaqe intervention applied to the quadriceps muscle on reported.pain- and stiffness, physical function, and knee range of motion.Forty adults with diagnosed knee OA were randomly assigned to ejther an intervention or a wait list control group. 20-minute selt-"rnassaqe therapy twice weekly during ten supervised sessions.

RESULTS: .WOMACá pain, stiffness, function subscales, and total
WOMAC scores were significantly improved for the massage group, although no group differences were seen in range of motion.





Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2013 May;19(2):101-3. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2012.12.001.Epub 2013:i~roi:j

Rheumatoid arthritis in upper limbs benefits from moderate pressure massage therapy.

Field T1, Diego M, Delgado J, Garcia 0, Funk co.

METHODS: Forty-two adults with rheumatoid arthritis in the upper limbs were randomly assigned
to~a-moderate'pressure or a light pressure massage therapy group. The therapist also taught the participants a self-massage to be done once daily.

RESULTS: The moderate pressure vs.the light pressure massage therapy group had less pain,
greater grip strength following the first and last massage and by the end of the treatment period they had less pain, greater grip strength a..nd greater range of motion in their wrist and large upper joints (elbows and shoulders) .


J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Nov;17(11):1065-S. doi: 10.10S9/acm.2010.075S.

Pulmonary functions of children with asthma improve following massage therapy.


Fattah MA 1, Hamdy B.

METHODS: Sixty children with asthma were divided randomly into a massage therapy group and control group.The massage therapy group received a 20-minute massage by their parents at home before bedtime every night for 5 weeks in addition to the standard asthma treatment. The control group received the standard asthma treatment alone for 5 weeks.

Spirometry was performed for all children on the first and last days of the study. Forced expiratory flow in first second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), FEV1/FVC and peak expiratory flow (PEF) were recorded.

RESULTS: At the end of the study, mean FEV1 of the massage therapy group was significantly higher than controls and FEV1/FVC ratio showed a significant improvement in the massage therapy .




Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci). 2012 Mar;6(1):35-41. doi: 10.1016/j.anr.2012.02.006. Epub 2012 Mar 10.

The Effects of Baby Massage on Attachment between Mother and their


Gural A 1, Polat S2.

METHODS: All mothers were assessed using the Maternal Attachment Inventory on the first and the last days of the 38-day study period. In the experimental group, the babies received a 15-minute massage therapy session everyday.

RESULTS: The change in the MAl scores for the experimental group mothers) were significantly higher than those of control group suggesting tha tbaby massage is effective in increasing the mother-infant attachment.



Empirical research evaluating non-traditional approaches to managing sleep problems in children with autism.


McLay LL 1, France K.

Methods: A systematic search of electronic databases and reference lists identified eight studies on non-traditional approaches to reduce sleep problems in children with autism.
Results: Positive outcomes were reported for the use of massage therapy and vitamin supplements.



Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2014;2014:656750. doi: 10.1155/2014/656750. Epub 2014 Dec 21.

The effect of massage therapy on autonomic activity in critically ill children.

Guan L1, Collet JP1, Yuskiv N1, Skippen p2, Brant R3, Kissoon N4.

METHODS:Foot and hand (F&H) massage effects on autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity were assessed in children hospitalized in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU);. MThe measuresincluded high and low frequency power (HF and LF), HF + LF, and LF/HF ratio.
RESULTS: iA strong correlation (p = -0.77) was observed between HF + LF and clinical severity. During massage, the parasympathetic activity (measured by HF) increased significantly from baseline with a meanpercentage increase of 75%. LF increased by 56%
HF + LF were positively correlated with clinical severity. F&H massage improved the ANS activity and the effect persisted over repeated sessions.



~ Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2014 Jun 17;28:47. eCollection 2014

Whole body massage for reducing anxiety and stabilizing vital signs of patients in cardiac care unit.

Adib-Hajbagherv M1, Abasi A2, Rajabi-Beheshtabad R3.

METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 120 patients with acute coronary disorders..The intervention group received whole body massage.

RESULTS:Significant decreases occurred on anxiety scores, heart rate and respiration in the massage versus the control group.


Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2011 Winter;16(1):61-70.

The effect of massage therapy on blood pressure of women with pre?hypertension.

Moeini M1, Givi M, Ghasempour Z, Sadeghi M.

METHODS: This study evaluated the effect of Swedish massage (face, neck, shoulders and chest) on blood pressure (BP) of the women with prehypertension. The intervention group received Swedish massage 10-15 min, three times a week for 10 sessions and the control groups (25 patients) relaxed at the same environment. Blood pressure was measured before and after each session..

RESULTS: Systolic and diastolic blood pressure in the massage group was significantly lower in comparison with the control group following the treatment period



BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 Mar 25;13:69. doi: 10.1186/1472-6~ ~ archive

Thai traditional massage increases biochemical markers of bone formation in postmenopausal women: a randomized crossover trial.

METHODS: Forty-eight postmenopausal women participated in the study. All volunteers were randomized to a 2-hour session of Thai traditional massage twice a week for 4 weeks and a
"A-week control period 'after a 2-week washout, or vice versa. Twenty-one subjects were allocated
to receiving Thai traditional massage first, followed by the control period, while 27 were initially allocated to the control period.

RESULTS: Serum P1 NP increased significantly after Thai traditional massage while there-was no change during the control period suggesting that Thai traditional massage results in an increase in bone formation as assessed by serum P1 NP, particularly in postmenopausal women who are older and have a smaller body build.



Support Care Cancer. 2011 Sep;19(9):1303-11. doi: 10.1007/s00520-010-0946-2.Epub 2010 Ju120.

Depression, mood, stress, and Th1ITh2 immune balance in primary breast cancer patients undergoing classical massage therapy.

Krohn M1, Listing M, Tjahjono G, Reisshauer A, Peters E, Klapp BF, Rauchfuss M.

METHODS: Thirty-four breast ancer patients were randomly assigned to a massage group and a control group . The massage group received two 30-min classical massages per week for 5 weeks.

RESULTS: Depression and anxious depression were significantly reduced immediately after massage compared to the control group. Changes of cytokine concentrations and Th1ITh2 ratio were insignificant a, although there was a slight shift towards Th1 in the massage group over time.



Burns. 2014 Oec;40(8):1513-1520. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2014.02.005. Epub 2014 Mar 12.

The effect of burn rehabilitation massage therapy on hypertrophic scar after burn: A randomized controlled trial.

Cho YSl, Jeon JH1, Hong A2, Yang HT3, Yim H3, Cho YS3, Kim DH3, Hur J3, Kim JH3, Chun W, Lee SCS, Seo CH6.

METHOD: One hundred and thirty-six burn patients with hypertrophic scar(s) were randomly assigned to a massage or a control group.. Both before and after the treatment.

RESULTS: The scores of both VAS and itching scale decreased significantly in both groups, and the scar elasticity increased in the massage group



Int J Nurs Pract. 2014 Apr 1. doi: 10.1111/ijn.12298. [Epub ahead of print]

Effects of massage therapy on pain and anxiety arising from intrathecal therapy or bone marrow aspiration in children with cancer.

Celebioglu A1, Gurol A, YildirimZK, Buyukavci M.

Cancer and its treatment are stressful and reduce the quality of life in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of massage therapy on pain and anxiety arising from intrathecal therapy or bone marrow aspiration in children with cancer. We conducted a controlled pretest/posttest quasi-experimental study at a paediatric oncology unit in Turkey. Twenty-five children were enrolled in this study. Their pain and anxiety were determined using a visual analogue scale. When the pretest and posttest pain and anxiety levels of the groups were compared, no statistically significant difference was found (P > 0.05). It was determined that pain and anxiety levels in the experimental group decreased significantly. This study provides preliminary evidence for the effectiveness in children of massage in reducing pain and anxiety arisinq from intrathecal therapy or bone marrow aspiration.


Thorae Cardiovase Surg. 2012 Dee;144(6):1453-9, 1459.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jtevs.2012.04.027.Epub 2012 Sep 7.

Massage therapy for cardiac surgery patients--a randomized trial.

Braun LA 1, Stanguts C, Casanelia L, Spitzer 0, Paul E, Vardaxis NJ, Rosenfeldt F.
METHODS: 182 elective cardiac surgery patients were randomized to receive massage or rest time at 2 points after surgery.
RESULTS: The massage group had a significantly greater reduction in pain, anxiety and muscular tension and increases in relaxation and satisfaction .


Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2014 Jun 17;28:47. eCollection 2014.

Whole body massage for reducing anxiety and stabilizing vital signs of patients in cardiac care unit.

Adib-Hajbagherv M1, Abasi A2, Rajabi-Beheshtabad R3.

METHODS: 120 cardiacpatients were randomly assigned to two groups. The intervention group received a session of whole body massage and the control group received routine care.

RESULTS: Significant decreases in anxiety, heart rate and respiration occurred for the massage group.



j Bodyw Mov Ther. 2013 Jul; 17(3):332-8. doi: 10.1 016/j.jbmt.2012.12.003. Epub 2012 Dec 23.i!Jit!!h£l2

Massage therapy as an effective treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome.

Elliott R1, Burkett B.

METHODS:Twenty-one participants received 30 min of "massage, twice a week, for six weeks. Carpal tunnel questionnaires, the Phalen, Tinel, and two?.p oint discrimination tests were given.
RESULTS: Symptom severity was decreased and functional status increased for after two weeks



Int J Community Based Nurs Midwifery. Ju12014; 2(3): 128-135.

The Effect of Massage Therapy by Patients' Companions on Severity of Pain in the Patients Undergoing Post Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: A Single-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial

Sied Saeed Najafi, MSC,l Fazlola Rast, MSC,l Marzieh Momennasab, PhD,l Mahmood Ghazinoor, MD,2 Fereshteh
Dehghanrad, MSC,land Sied Ali Mousavizadeh, PhD3

Methods: In this randomized single-blind clinical trial, 70 post coronary bypass patients were assigned to a massage or a control group. The massage group received massage from their relatives.
Results The pain intensity was assessed by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) before and immediately, 30, 60, and 120 minutes after the intervention.


Nurs Midwifery Stud. 2013 Sep;2(3):10-15. Epub 2013 Sep 15.

Effect of Whole Body Massage by Patient's Companion on the Level of Blood Cortisol in Coronary Patients.

Adib-Hajbagherv M1, Rajabi-Beheshtabad R2, Abasi A3.

METHODS:A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 60 patients "admitted to aáCCU ward. Patients were randomly assigned to massage performed by a patient's companion or a control group
RESULTS: In the group massaged by the patients' companions, blood cortisol decreased while it did not significantly decrease in the control group.



J Tradit Chin Med. 2013 Aug;33(4):461-7.

Ear therapy and massage therapy in the elderly with dementia: a pilot study.

Rodriguez-Mansilla Jl, Gonzalez-L6pez-Arza MV, Varela-Donoso E, Montanero-Fernandez J, Jimenez? Palomares M, Garrido-Ardila EM.

METHODS: One hundred twenty elderly subjects with dementia institutionalized in residential homes received massage and ear acupuncture over three months. Behavior alterations, sleep disturbance, and participation in rehabilitation and eating were assessed every month during the three months of intervention, and at one and two months of follow-up after the end of treatment. .

RESULTS: The massage and ear acupuncture group significantly improved on the above measures
in the third month of intervention, which were maintained at two months after completing the treatment . when compared to the control group.




Bioi Res Nurs. 2014 Oct;16(4):387-97. doi: 10.1177/1099800413516187. Epub 2013 Dec 30.

Benefits of massage therapy for infants with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Neu Ml, Pan Z2, Workman R3, Marcheggiani-Howard C4, Furuta G5, Laudenslager ML2.

METHODS: 36 infants born at term, 4-10 weeks of age at enrollment, heathy except for a diagnosis of GERD by their pediatrician, and with a score of at least 16 on the Infant Gastroesophageal Reflux Questionnaire-Revised (I-GERQ-R). were randomly assigned to receive massage or sham massage in their homes twice-a week for 6' weeks.

RESULTS: Scores on the I-GERQ-R decreased as did the daily cortisol levels in the massage group.



PLoS One. 2014 Feb 20;9(2):e89304. doi: 10.1371 /journal.pone.0089304. eColiection 2014.

Massage therapy for fibromyalgia: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Li YH, Wang FY, Feng CQ, Yang XF, Sun YH.

METHODS: Electronic databases (up to June 2013) were searched to identify relevant studies on pain, anxiety, depression, and sleep disturbance following massage therapy

RESULTS:The results suggested that following massage patients with fibromyalgia showed reduced pain, anxiety and depression


Man Ther. 2014 Oct 5. pii: S1356-689X(14)00182-9. doi: 10.1 016/j.math.2014.09.003. [Epub ahead of print]

Effectiveness of different styles of massage therapy in fibromyalgia: Asystematic review and meta-analysis.

Yuan SL 1, Matsutani LA2, Marques AP2.

METHODS:A systematic review was conducted on several databases on the effectiveness of massage for fibromyalgia. An electronic search was conducted on several databases.
RESULTS: Myofascial release had positive effects on pain, anxiety, depression, fatigue, stiffness and quality of life. Connective tissue massage improved depression
and quality of life. Manual lymphatic drainage was superior to connective tissue massage regarding stiffness, depression and quality of life. Shiatsu improved pain, pressure pain threshold, fatigue, sleep and quality of life; and Swedish massage did not improve outcomes. Overall, most styles of massage therapy consistently improved the quality of life of fibromyalgia patients.


Man Ther. 2014 Apr;19(2):102-B. doi: 10.1016/j.math.2013.0B.001. Epub 2013 Sep 3.

Deep massage to posterior calf muscles in combination with neural mobilization exercises as a treatment for heel pain: a pilot randomized clinical trial.

METHODS;: 69 patients with heel pain were assigned to a program of 8 treatments over a period of 4-6 weeks in a single-blind randomized clinical trial. Functional status was measured by the Foot & Ankle Computerized'Adaptve-Feet.
RESULTS: Significant improvement was noted in functional status and a decrease in pain following the deep massage treatment period.



J Altern Complement Med. 2013 Apr;19(4):334-40. doi: 10.1089/acm.2012.
Open-label, randomized, parallel-group controlled clinical trial of massage for treatment of depression in HIV-infected subjects.

Poland RE1,Gertsik L, Favreau JT, Smith SI, Mirocha JM, Rao U, Daar ES.

METHODS; 54 HIV-infected subjects were randomly assigned to receive massage for one hour twice per week or standard treatment,
RESULTS: The massage therapy reduced depression on two scales. The durability of the response, optimal "dose" of massage, and mechanisms by which massage exerts its antidepressant effects remain to be determined.



J Hum Hypertens. 2014 Jul 3. doi: 10.1 038/jhh.2014.52. [Epub ahead of print]

Massage therapy for essential hypertension: a systematic review.

Xiong XJ1, Li SJ2, Zhang YQ3.

METHODS: Randomized controlled trials comparing massage with any type of intervention were included in a meta-analysis.
RESULTS; Massage reduced systolic blood pressure.


Int J Prey Med. 2013 May;4(S):S11-6.

Durability of effect of massage therapy on blood pressure.

Givi M.
METHODS: Women with pre-hypertension were given Swedish massage on the face, neck, shoulders, and chest and its effects on blood pressure were measured before and after each session and 72 hours after the massage.
RESULTS: The results indicated that mean systolic and ...diastoIic-BP was decreased after·the·massage sessions and 72 hours later.




Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2012 Jul;286(1): 19-23. doi: 10.1007/s00404-012-2227-4. Epub 2012 Jan 21.

Effects of massage therapy and presence of attendant on pain, anxiety and satisfaction during labor.

Mortazavi SH, Khaki S, Moradi R, Heidari K, Vasegh Rahimparvar SF.

METHODS: 120 primiparous women with term pregnancy were randomly assigned to massage. The massage group received firm and rhythmic massage during labor.

RESULTS:The massage group had lower pain and anxiety and higher satisfaction and
the duration of labor was lower.




j Clin Trials. 2014;4. pii: 1000161.

Gentle Massage Improves Disease- and Treatment-Related Symptoms in Patients with Acute Myelogenous Leukemia.

Taylor AG, Snyder AE, Anderson JG, Brown CJ, Densmore JJ, Bourguignon C.
METHODS: Patients with leukemia were randomly assigned to two groups: a standard treatment control group or a massage therapy plus standard treatment.

RESULTS: Significant improvements in levels of stress and health-related quality of life were observed in the massage therapy group versus the usual care alone group, after adjusting for anxiety level, including both immediate and cumulative effects of massage.




J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2014 May 27. [Epub ahead of print]

Comparison between massage and routine physical therapy in women with sub acute and chronic nonspecific low back pain.

Kamali F, Panahi F, Ebrahimi S, Abbasi L.

METHODS: 30 female 'subjects with a sub acute or chronic nonspecific LBP were given 10 sessions of massage therapy or physical therapy.

RESULTS: Pain intensity decreased and flexion range of motion increased for both groups but the effects were greater for the massage therapy group.


Complement Ther Med. 2014 Feb;22(1 ):26-33. doi: 10.1 016/j.ctim.2013.11.002. Epub 2013 Nov 12.

The effectiveness of Swedish massage with aromatic ginger oil in treating chronic low back pain in older adults: a randomized controlled trial.

Sritoomma N, Moyle W, Cooke M, O'Dwyer S

METHODS: ; 140 patients were randomly assigned to either Swedish massage with ginger oil
or massage alone and given a 30-minute session twice a week for five weeks.
RESULTS: Both groups showed significant improvements in pain intensity on The Visual Analogue Scale and the McGill Pain Questionnaire and disability on the Oswestry Disability Questionnaire, although the massage with ginger oil showed greater improvement.


Ann Intern Med. 2011 JuI5;155(1):1-9. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-155-1-201107050-00002.

A comparison of the effects of 2 types of massage and usual care on chronic low back pain: a randomized, controlled trial.

Cherkin DCl, Sherman KJ, Kahn J, Wellman R, Cook AJ, Johnson E, Erro J, Delaney K, Deyo RA

.METHODS: 401 patients were randomly assigned to structural massage, relaxation massage 136), or usual care groups.=

RESULTS: The massage groups had better functional outcomes on the Roland Disability Questionnaire and less bothersome symptoms than the control group at 10 weeks. The beneficial effects of the massages on function (but not on symptom reduction) persisted at
52 weeks but were small.



ComplementTherMed.2013Jun;21(3):158-63.dol:10.101.6/J.ctlm.201. 3.0. 3.007.

The effect of aromatherapy massage on the psychological symptoms of postmenopausal Iranian women.

Taavoni S, Darsareh F, Joolaee S, Haghani H.

METHODS:87 women were randomly assigned to an aromatherapy massage, an odorless oil massage group or a control group. The massage.sessions were held twice a week, for four weeks
Psychological symptoms were assessed on the psychological subscale of the Menopause
Rating Scale.

The psychological symptoms scores on the Menopause Rating Scale decreased more in the aromatherapy massage grou than in the other groups.



J Clin Diagn Res. 2014 Jan;8(1):133-6. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2014/7294.3971. Epub 2014 Jan . To

To Compare the Effect of Vibration Therapy and Massage in Prevention of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS).

Imtiyaz S,Veqar Z, Shareef My.

METHODS:45 heatthy female non athletic subjects}..were randomly assigned to a vibration therapy~(15 minutes), a'massage therapy (15 minutes) or a control group. Subjects wereassessed using the following measurements to evaluate the changes in the muscle condition: muscle soreness (pain perception), Range of Motion (ROM), Maximum Isometric Force (MIF), Repetition maximum (RM), Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and Creatine Kinase (CK) level. All the parameters except LDH, CK and 1RM were measured before, immediately post intervention, immediatelypost exercise, 24 hours post exercise, 48 hours post exercise and 72 hours post exercise. LDH, CK and 1 RM were measured before and 48 hours post exercise.

RESULTS: Muscle soreness,;,wasl significantly less for the experimental groups (vibration and massage) )as compared to the control group at 24, 48, and 72 hours post? exercise. The experimental and control groups did not differ on MIFimmediately, at 24 hours ,48 hours and 72 hours post?exercise. Range of motion scores were significantly better -in the experimental qroups at 48 hours and 72 hours. Massage therapy showed significant recovery in 1RM compared to the control group and the vibration therapy group had a lower LDH level 48 hours post exercise compared to the control group. CK values of the intervention groups were different than the control group at 48 hours post exercise.Vibration therapy and massage therapy were equally effective in preventing delayed muscle onset soreness.



34. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2014.02.007. Epub 2014
Massage therapy restores peripheral vascular function after exertion.

Franklin NCl, Ali MM, Robinson ATl, Norkeviciute , Phillips SN.

METHODS: The purpose of this study was to determine if lower extremity exercise-induced muscle injury reduces vascular endothelial function of the upper extremity and if massage therapy (MT) improves peripheral vascular function after exertion-induced muscle injury.Brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was determined by ultrasound at each time point. Nitroglycerin (NTG)-induced dilation was also assessed (0.4 mg).

RESULTS: Brachial FMD increased from baseline in the exertion-induced muscle injury and MT
group and the MT only group at 90 minutes and remained elevated until 72 hours. In the exertion?
induced muscle injury only group, FMD was reduced from baseline at 24 and 48 hours
and retumed to baseline after 72 hours. Dilations of NTG were similar over time.



J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2014 Jan;18(1 ):11-6. doi: 10.1 016/j.jbmt.2013.04.001. Epub 2013 May 13.

A pragmatic investigation into the effects of massage therapy on the self efficacy of multiple sclerosis clients.

Finch P, Bessonnette 8.

METHODS:This research was conducted to examine changes in self self-efficacy, (the perception/belief that one can competently cope with a challenging situation) in multiple sclerosis clients following a series of massage therapy treatments. A series of weekly one hour therapeutic massage treatments were conducted over eight weeks and a subsequent eight week follow up period.
RESULTS: Improvement in self-efficacy was greater for the massage group at the end of treatment and at the 4-week follow-up but not at the 8-week follow-up periods.


Clin Rehabil. 2013 Dec;27(12): 1126-36. d.

Massage therapy and exercise therapy in patients with multiple sclerosis:a randomized controlled pilot study.

Negahban H, Rezaie S, Goharpey S.

METHODS: The primary aim was to investigate the comparative effects of massage therapy and exercise therapy on patients with multiple sclerosis. The secondary aim was to investigate whether combining massage and exercise has an additive effect. 48 patients with multiple sclerosis were randomly assigned to 4 groups including a massage group, an exercise therapy group, a combined massage and exercise group and a control group.
RESULTS:The massage therapy group had greater pain reduction , dynamic balance and walking speed than the exercise therapy group. The patients in the combined massage therapy and exercise group had greater pain reduction than the exercise therapy group.



Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2013 Jul;18(4):280-4.

The effect of massage therapy on chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in pediatric cancer.

Mazlum S, Chaharsoughi NT, Banihashem A, Vashani HB.

METHODS: 70 patients in chemotherapy were randomly assigned to two groups (massage therapy and control). The patients were given Swedish massage for 20 min. All indices of nausea and vomiting (incidence, severity, time, and length) were assessed by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scales.

RESULTS: The incidence of nausea, the severity, length, and times of nausea were
lower in the massage versus the control group.



Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2014;2014:204360. doi: 10.115

Efficacy of massage therapy on pain and dysfunction in patients with neck pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Cheng YH, Huang GC.
METHOD:Randomized controlled' trials~were identified and meta-analyses were conducted on massage therapy effects on pain and neck-related function
RESULTS:. This systematic review found moderate evidence for MT decreasing neck pain compared with inactive therapies.


Evid Based ComplementAlternat Med. 2013;2013:613279. doi: 10.1155/2013/613279. Epub 2013 Feb 28.

Massage therapy for neck and shoulder pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Kong LJ1, Zhan HS, Cheng YW, Yuan WA, Chen B, Fang M.

METHODS: Meta-analyses of MT for neck and shoulder pain were performed.

RESULTS:Massage therapy was shown to have immediate effects for neck and shoulder pain. However, massage therapy did not show better effects on pain than other active therapies.


Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2014 Sep 28. pii: S1744-3881 (14)00062-0. doi: 10.1 016/j.ctcp.2014.09.001. [Epub ahead of print]

Neck arthritis pain is reduced and range of motion is increased by massage therapy.

Field T, Diego M, Gonzalez G, Funk CG.

METHODS: Staff and faculty members at a medical school who were eligible for the study if they had neck arthritis pain were randomly assigned to a massage or a waitlist control group (N = 24
per group). The massaqe-group-received moderate .pressure therapist.. The waitlist control group received the same schedule massages one month after being control subjects.

RESUL TS: The massage therapy group showed reduced pain and increased range of motion after the first and last massage sessions and across the course of the one month of therapy.



Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2014 Aug 20. pii: 81744-3881(14)00050-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2014.07.01O. [Epub ahead of print]
Effectiveness of Anma massage therapy in alleviating physical symptoms in outpatients with Parkinson's disease: A before-after study.

Donoyama N, Suoh S, Ohkoshi N.

METHODS: Outpatients with Parkinson’s were given 7 weekly sessions of Amma massage (massage through clothing)
RESULTS: The massage group showed significant reduction in movement difficulties and improved flexion and abduction.



Infant Behav Dev. 2013 Dec;36(4):662-9. doi: 10.1016.

The efficacy of massage on short and long term outcomes in preterm infants.

Abdallah B, Badr LK, Hawwari M.

METHODS;; Premature infants from NICUs were given massages by their mothers.
RESULTS: The infants who received massage versus those who did not showed greater weight at discharge, lower pain responses on the PIPP scale at discharge, shorter length of hospital stay better neuro? developmental outcome (better Bayley scores) and greater breasteedmq duration at 12 months corrected age.



Early Hum Dev. 2013 Aug;89(8):S2S-9. doi: 10.10161 • c archive

Heart rate variability during caregiving and sleep after massage therapy in preterm infants.

Smith SL 1, Haley S, Slater H, Moyer-Mileur LJ.

METHODS:The aim of this study was to compare preterm infant ANS function and stress response during sleep and caregiving epochs, as measured by heart rate variability (HRV), after two weeks of twice-daily massage therapy

RESULTS: Control males had decreased HRV compared to the massage therapy males. There was no difference in HRV between MT and control females.



Early Human Dev. 2014, 90:137-140.
Preterm infant weight gain is increased by massage therapy and exercise via different underlying mechanisms.

Diego MA Field T, Hernandez-Reif M.

METHODS: Weight gain and parasympathetic nervous system activity were assessed in 30 preterm infants following massage therapy (moderate pressure stroking) versus exercise (flexion and extension of limbs).

RESULTS:Massage and exercise lead to increased preterm infant weight gain via different underlying mechanisms. Exercise was associated with calorie consumption while massage therapy was associated with increased vagal activity.


Am J Perinatal. 2013 Oct;30(9):731-S. doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1332S01.

The efficacy of massage on preterm infants: a meta-analysis.

Wang Ll, He JL, Zhang XH.

METHODS: A meta-analysis was conducted on massage therapy studies with preterm infants appearing on Medline and the Cochrane Library.

RESULTS: The preterm infants who received massage therapy had greater weight gain and earlier hospital discharge, although more research is needed to document the greater effects on their neuro-development.


Pediatrics. 2012 Dec;130(6):e1549-58. doi: 10.1542/

A randomized placebo-controlled trial of massage therapy on the immune system of preterm infants.

Ang JYl, Lua JL, Mathur A, Thomas R, Asmar BI, Savasan S, Buck S, Long M, Shankaran S.

METHODS: A randomized placebo-controlled trial of MT versus sham therapy (control) was conducted among stable premature infants in the NICU. Study intervention was provided 5 days per week until hospital discharge for a maximum of 4 weeks.

RESULTS:, NK cytotoxicity was higher in the massage group, particularly among those who received 5 consecutive days of massage compared with the sham control group.and the Infants in the massage group were heavier at end of study and had greater daily weight gain compared with those in the control group


j Caring Sci. 2012 Nov 22;1(4):191-9. dol: 10.5681/j

The effects of massage with coconut and sunflower oils on oxygen saturation of premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure.

Valizadeh S, Hosseini MB, Asghari Jafarabadi M, Ajoodanian N.

METHODS: Infants were divided into control and massage therapy groups (massage with coconut and sunflower oils). A 15-minute daily massage was performed for 3 days. Respiratory rate (RR), and oxygen saturation were measured 5 minutes before the massage, 3 times during the massage, and 5 minutes after the massage.

RESULTS: In comparison to the coconut oil and control groups, the mean oxygen saturation of the sunflower oil group was improved. The coconut massage group showed lower oxygen saturation than the control group..


Int J Pediatr. 2014;2014:434060. doi: 10.1155/2014/434060

Comparative Effect of Massage Therapy versus Kangaroo Mother Care on Body Weight and Length of Hospital Stay in Low Birth Weight Preterm Infants.

METHODS:Group 1 received massage therapy and Group 2 received Kangaroo Mother Care for 15minutes, three times daily daily for 5 days.
RESULTS: Both massage therapy and kangaroo care led to greater weight gain and shorter hospital stay



Bioi Res Nurs. 2014 Oct; 16(4):387-97. doi: 10.1177/1099800413516187. .

Benefits of massage therapy for infants with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Neu M, Pan Z, Workman R, Marcheggiani-Howard C, Furuta G, Laudenslager ML.

METHODS: Participants were healthy infants except for a diagnosis of GERD by their pediatrician, and with a score of at least 16 on the Infant Gastroesophageal Reflux Questionnaire-Revised. .Infants were randomized to receive either massage therapy or a nonmassage sham treatment in their homes for 30 min twice a week for 6 weeks.

RESULTS: GERD symptoms decreased in both groups and weight increased. Pretreatment salivary cortisol levels decreased significantly over time in the massage group while increasing in the nonmassage group. Daily cortisol level also decreased in the massage group and increased
in the non massage group, but the difference was not significant.