ADOLESCENTS

J Psych iatr Ment Health N urs. 2015 Apr; 22(3): 199-207. -

Piloting yoga and assessing outcomes in a residential behavioural health unit.

Mcilvain SJ1, Miller B, Lawhead BA, Barbosa-Leiker C, Anderson A.

METHODS:. This study examined if adolescents on a residential behavioural health unit would participate in a yoga intervention to address emotional regulation. A single cohort study design was used. Yoga was added to the programme schedule twice weekly. Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Adolescent Short Form (TEIQue-ASF) scores and additional behavioural measures were tracked over 8 weeks.
RESULTS: Adolescents participated in yoga, with a higher participation rate for girls compared with boys. Increased yoga participation was related to greater sociability ,and a decrease in combined behavioural interventions at various time points throughout the programme.Arthritis

 

J Rheumatol. 2015 Apr 1. pii: jrheum.141129. [Epub ahead of print]

Yoga in Sedentary Adults with Arthritis: Effects of a Randomized Controlled Pragmatic Trial.
Moonaz SH1, Bingham CO 3rd1, Wissow L1, Bartlett SJ1.

METHODS: 75 sedentary adults aged with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or knee osteoarthritis were randomly assigned to 8 weeks of yoga (two 60-min classes and 1 home practice/wk) or waitlist.

RESULTS: Participants were mostly female (96%), white (55%), and college-educated (51 %), with a mean (SO) age of 52 years (12 yrs). Average disease duration was 9 years and 49% had RA. At 8 weeks, yoga was associated with significantly higher greater walking capacity, more positive affect, lower Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale scores, and less physical pain. . ",;
}

J Altern Complement Med. 2012 May;18(5):463-72. doi: 10.1089/acm.2010.0320. Epub 2012 Apr 26.

Effects of an integrated approach of hatha yoga therapy on functional disability, pain, and flexibility in osteoarthritis of the knee joint: a randomized controlled study.

Ebnezar J1, Nagarathna R, Yogitha B, Nagendra HR.
METHODS. Two hundred and fifty (250) participants who had OA knees and who were between 35 and 80 years, were randomly assigned to receive hatha yoga therapy or therapeutic exercises after transcutaneous electrical stimulation and ultrasound treatment (20 minutes per day). Both of the groups practiced supervised interventions (40 minutes per day) for 3 months.

RESULTS: The yoga group versus the exercise group had less walking pain , greater knee greater flexion, less joint tenderness- and swelling.

 

ASTHMA

Indian J Physiol Pharmacal. 2014 Jul-Sep;58(3):233-9.

Efficacy of naturopathy and yoga in bronchial asthma.

Rao YC, Kadam A, Jagannathan A, Sabina N, Rao R, Nagendra HR.

METHODS:The aim of the study was to test the efficacy of a one month in-patient naturopathy and yoga programme for patients with asthma.
RESULTS: Forced Vital Capacity and Forced Expiratory Volume increased ' up to the 6th month . Maximum Voluntary Ventilation significantly increased from admission till the date of discharge and Peak Expiratory Flow Rate significantly increased from admission till the 36th month of follow-up .

 

BACK PAIN

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013;2013:130818. doi: 10.1155/2013/130818. Epub 2013 Apr 17.

Mediators of yoga and stretching for chronic low back pain.

Sherman KJ1, Wellman RD, Cook AJ, Cherkin DC, Ceballos RM.

METHODS:we explored whether physical (hours of back exercise/week), cognitive (fear avoidance,body awareness, and self-efficacy), affective (psychological distress, perceived stress, positive states of mind, and sleep), and physiological factors (cortisol, DHEA) mediated the effects of yoga or stretching on back-related dysfunction (Roland-Morris Disability Scale (RDQ)). For yoga, efficacy and hours of back exercise were the strongest mediators for each intervention, compared to self-care, qualitative data suggest that they may exert their benefits through partially distinct mechanisms.

BRAIN WAVES

Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2015 May;21 (2): 112-118. doi: 10.1 016/j.ctcp.2015,02.002. Epub 2015 Mar 9.

Effects of yoga on brain waves and structural activation: A review.

Desai R1, Tailor A 1, Bhatt T2,

METHODS:, The purpose of this study was to examine and review existing literature on the effects of yoga on brain waves and structural changes and activation. After a narrowed
search through a set of specific inclusion and exclusion criteria, 15 articles were used in this review
RESULTS: yoga increased overall brain wave activity. Gray matter along with increased amygdala and frontal cortex activation.

 

BREAST CANCER

Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2015 Feb;21(1):7-10. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2015.01.002. Epub 2015 Jan 29.

The effects of yoga on the quality of life and depression in elderly breast cancer patients.

Yagli NVl, Ulger 02.
METHODS: Twenty patients (10 were in yoga program, 10 were in exercise group) between 65 and 70 years of age under going treatment for cancer were included in the study. Physical characteristics of the patients were recorded and general physiotherapy assessments performed. Eight sessions of a classical yoga were compared to 8 sessions of classical exercise. p.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Before and after yoga and exercise program, quality of life assessments for the patients were conducted using the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP). Patients' depression levels were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory. Their level of pain, fatigue and sleep quality was evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS).

RESULTS: Yoga was effective in helping dimihish depression, pain and fatigue.

 

Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2015 Apr; 150(3):597-604. doi: 10.1007/s10549-015-3351-1. Epub 2015 Mar 27.

The effect of YOCAS©(®) yoga for musculoskeletal symptoms among breast cancer survivors on hormonal therapy,
PeRRone LJ1, Janelsins Me, Kamen c. Mohile SG, SRrod LK, Gewandter JS, Kirshner JJ, Gaur R, Ruzich
J, ESRaraz BT, Mustian KM.

METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of a nationwide, multi-site, phase randomized, controlled, clinical trial examining the efficacy of yoga for improving musculoskeletal symptoms among breast cancer survivors currently receiving hormone therapy(aromatase inhibitors).
RESULTS:the yoga groupr demonstrated greater reduction in musculoskeletal symptoms such as general pain, muscle aches and total physical discomfort-from pre- to post-intervention than the control group.

 

Integr Cancer Ther. 2015 Mar;14(2):125-32.

Aerobic capacity, peripheral muscle strength and fatigue in breast cancer.
METHODS: The aim of the study was to compare the effects of aerobic exercise training and yoga on the functional capacity, peripheral muscle strength, quality of life (QOL), and fatigue in breast cancer survivors.The patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups: aerobic exercise (n = 28) and yoga added to aerobic exercise (n = 24). Both groups participated in submaximal exercise 30 minutes/d, 3 d/wk for 6 weeks. The second group participated in a 1-hour yoga program in addition to aerobic exercise training. Functional capacity was assessed by the 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT). Peripheral muscle strength was evaluated with a hand-held dynamometer. The fatigue severity level was assessed with the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS). The QOL was determined by the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire.

RESULTS: Aerobic exercise training and yoga improved the functional capacity and QOL of breast cancer patients. Aerobic exercise programs can be supported by body mind techniques, such as yoga, in the rehabilitation of cancer patients for improving functional recovery and psychosocial well ness.

 

Yoga and meditation for menopausal symptoms in breast cancer survivors-A randomized controlled trial.

Cramer H1, Rabsilber S, Lauche R, KOmmel S, Dobos G.

METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned either to a 12-week yoga and meditation intervention or to usual care. The primary outcome measure was total menopausal symptoms (Menopause Rating Scale [MRS] total score). Secondary outcome measures included MRS subscales, quality of life (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast), fatigue (Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue), depression, and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale). Outcomes were assessed at week 12 and week 24 after randomization.
RESULTS: Women in the-yoga group reported siqnificantly fewer menopausal, somatovegetative, psychological and urogenital, menopausal symptoms, less. Fatigue, and improved quality of life.

 

Asia Pae J Clin Oneol. 2015 Jan 6. doi: 10.1111/ajeo.12329. [Epub ahead of print]

Could yoga practice improve treatment-related side effects and quality of life for women with breast cancer? A systematic review and meta­ analysis.

Pan y1, Yang K, Wang Y, Zhang L, Liang H.

METHODS: Reviews were made of PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) .
.RESULTS: Sixteen RCTs with a total of 930 participants were included. Comparing yoga groups to control groups, there was a statistically significant difference in overall health-related quality of life, depression, anxiety and gastrointestinal symptoms. .Subgroup analyses revealed that yoga had a positive-effect on anxiety.

 

Springerplus. 2015 Mar 26;4:143. doi: 10.1186/s40064-015-0912-z. eCollection 2015.

Effects of six months of Yoga on inflammatory serum markers prognostic of recurrence risk in breast cancer survivors.

Long Parma 01, Hughes OC1, Ghosh S2, Li R3, Trevino-Whitaker RA 1, Ogden SM1, Ramirez AG1.
This study reports on the effect on inflammatory biological markers for 20 breast cancer survivors who participated in a six-month yoga-based (YE) exercise program. Results are compared to a comprehensive exercise (CE) program group and a comparison (C) exercise group who chose their own exercises. "Pre" and "post" assessments included measures of anthropometrics, cardiorespiratory capacity, and inflammatory markers interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa) and C-reactive protein (CRP).
RESULTS:Significant improvements were seen n decreasee % body fat,
but not in cardiorespiratory capacity or in inflammatory serum markers. To compare YE outcomes with the other two groups, a one-way analysis of co-variance (ANCOVA) was used, controlling for age, BMI, cardiorespiratory capacity and serum marker baseline values. We found no differences between groups. Moreover, we did not see significant changes in any inflammatory marker for any

 

Iran J Cancer Prevo2014 Fall;7(4):179-83.

The Impact of Laughter Yoga on the Stress of Cancer Patients before Chemotherapy.
Farifteh S1, Mohammadi-Aria A2, Kiamanesh A 1, Mofid 83.

METHODS: 37 cancer sufferers were selected for data collection. The mentioned patients were classified randomly into experimental and control groups.

RESULTS: The results show that stress was significanty reduced in the laughter yoga group..

 

 

Integr Cancer Ther. 2015 Apr 27. pii: 1534735415583554. [Epub ahead of print]

Vivekananda Yoga Program for Patients With Advanced Lung Cancer and Their Family Caregivers.

Milburv K1, Mallaiah S2, Lopez G2, Liao Z2, Yang C2, Carmack C2, Chaoul A2, Spelman A2, Cohen L2

METHOD: In this single-arm feasibility trial, patients with lung cancer undergoing radiotherapy and their caregivers participated in a 15-session yoga program that focused on the interconnectedness of the dyad. We assessed pre-and post-intervention levels of fatigue, sleep disturbances, psychological distress, overall QOL, spirituality, and relational closeness. We tracked feasibility data, and participants completed program evaluations.

RESULTS: Analyses revealed a 'significant increase in patients’ rnental health and a decrease in icaregivers' sleep'disturbance

 

Curr Oneol. 2015 Feb;22(1):13-9. doi: 10.3747/eo.22.2129.

Yoga in adult cancer: a pilot survey of attitudes and beliefs among oncologists.

McCall MC, Ward A, Heneghan C.

METHODS: A 38-item self-report questionnaire was administered online to medical, radiation, and surgical oncologists in British Columbia.

RESULTS: Some of the 29 oncologists who completed the survey (n = 10) reported having recommended yoga to patients to improve physical activity, fatigue, stress, insomnia, and muscle or joint stiffness. Other responding oncologists were hesitant or unlikely to suggest yoga for their
patients because they had no knowledge of yoga as a therapy (n = 15) or believed that scientific
evidence to support its use is lacking (n = 11). All 29 respondents would recommend that their patients participate in a clinical trial to test the efficacy of yoga. In qualitative findings, oncologists compared yoga with exercise and suggested that it might have similar psychological and physical
health benefits that would improve patient capacity to endure treatment.

 

J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2015 Apr 12. [Epub ahead of print]

Role of yoga as an adjunctive therapy in patients with neurocardiogenic syncope: a pilot study.

Gunda S1, Kanmanthareddy A, Atkins D, Bommana S, Pimentel R, Drisko J, Dibiase L, Beheiry S, Hao S, Natale A, Lakkireddy D.

METHODS: Neurocardiogenic syncope (NCS) is a common clinical condition characterized by abrupt cardiovascular autonomic changes resulting in syncope. This is a recurring condition with mixed results from current strategies of treatment.Subjects with a diagnosis of NCS were screened and enrolled. All the participants were given a DVD containing yoga videos and were instructed to practice yoga therapy for 60 min, three times a week for 3 consecutive months. Syncope functional status questionnaire score (SFSQS) was administered at the beginning and the end of the study. The subjects were followed for 3 months and underwent repeat tilt table testing at the end of the study.

RESULTS:
In the intervention group, those who finished the yoga regimen showed significant improvement from the control phase to the intervention phase, in number of episodes of syncope and presyncope . The mean SFSQS also decreased from 67 to 29.

 

Int J Yoga. 2015 Jan;8(1):62-7. doi: 10.4103/0973-6131.146067.

Effect of yoga regimen on lung functions including diffusion capacity in coronary artery disease patients: A randomized controlled study.

Yadav A1, Singh S2, Singh K2, Pai p1.

METHODS: Lung functions are found to be impaired in coronary artery disease (CAD), congestive heart failure, left ventricular dysfunction, and after cardiac surgery. Diffusion capacity progressively worsens as the severity of CAD increases due to reduction in lung tissue participating in gas exchange.Group I received yogic postures, pranayama breathing exercises, dietary modification, and holistic teaching along with their conventional medicine while Group II CAD patients were put only on conventional medicine. Lung functions including diffusion capacity were recorded thrice in both the groups: 0 day as baseline, 22(nd) day and on 90(th) day. Cardiovascular parameters were also compared before and after intervention in both the groups.

RESULTS: Statistically significant improvements were seen in slow vital capacity, forced vital capacity, peak expiratory flow rate, maximum voluntary ventilation, and diffusion factor/ transfer factor of lung for carbon monoxide after 3 months of yoga regimen in Group I. Forced expiratory volume in 1(st) sec (FEV1), and FEV1 % also showed a trend toward improvement although not statistically significant. HR, SSP and DSP also showed significant improvement in Group-I patients who followed yoga regimen.

 

J NatSci BioiMed.2015Jan-Jun;6(1):149-52d.oi: 10.4103/0976-9668.149114.

Survey on utility of yoga as an alternative therapy for occupational hazards among dental practioners.

Ramamoorthy A1,Jeevakarunyam SJ1, Janardhanan S1,Jeddy N1,Vasan SA1, Raja A1, Ikram pt

METHODS: A validated closed-ended questionnaire was circulated to 500 dental general practitioners documenting demographic data, occupational hazards and the type of treatment taken for the hazards.

RESULTS: Musculoskeletal pain with stress (47%) was the most common occupational hazard reported, followed by only stress (27.4%), and only musculoskeletal pain (25.6%). Only 9.6% of practitioners adopted yoga as an alternative treatment for these occupational hazards. Interestingly, majority (46.4%) of them did exercise, gym, massage, walking and heard music. Surprisingly, 43.9% did not take any measures to treat these occupational hazards. However
53.3% of the dentists who did not consider yoga as an alternative therapy, stated lack of time as
a reason for not practicing yoga while 17.6% of them don't believe yoga as a therapy.
DIABETES

 

Anc Sci Life. 2014 Apr-Jun;33(4):229-35. doi: 10.4103/0257-7941.147430.

Yoga: As an adjunct therapy to trim down the Ayurvedic drug requirement in non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

Sharma R\ Amin H2, Prajapati pK1.

METHODS:
The subjects were instructed to follow Yogic procedures including Asanas, pranayarna, and suddhi kriyas. The study was conducted for 8 weeks, wherein fasting blood sugar (FBS) and postprandial blood sugar (PPBS) levels along with relief in sign and symptoms were assessed at every 2 weeks intervals, and according to relief in sign and symptoms, tapering of drug dosage was carried out.

RESULTS Glucose levels and diabetes symptoms decreased.

 

ELDERLY

Int j Yoga Therap. 2014 Sep;24:71-7.

Flexibility of the elderly after one-year practice of yoga and calisthenics.

Farinatti PT\ Rubini EC2, Silva EB3, Vanfraechem JH4.

METHODS: This study compared the flexibility of elderly individuals before and after having
practiced hatha yoga and calisthenics for 1 year (52 weeks), at least 3 times/week.
The maximal range of passive motion oft 13 movements in 7 joints was assessed by the Flexitest, comparing the range obtained with standard charts representing each arc of movement on a discontinuous and non-dimensional scale from 0 to 4. Results of individual movements were summed to define 4 indexes (ankle+knee, hip+trunk, wrist+elbow, and shoulder) and total flexibility (Flexindex).
RESULTS: showed significant increases.of total flexibility in the hatha yoga group (by 22.5 points) and the calisthenics group (by 5.8 points) and a decrease in the control group (by 2.1 points) after one year of intervention. Between­ group comparison showed that increases in the hatha yoga group were greater than in the calisthenics group for most flexibility indexes, particularly the overall flexibility .In conclusion, the practice of hatha yoga (i.e., slow/passive movements) was more effective in improving flexibility compared to calisthenics (i.e., fast/dynamic movements), but calisthenics was able to prevent flexibility losses observed in sedentary elderly subjects.

 

FITNESS

J Occup Rehabil. 2015 Mar 11. [Epub ahead of print]

Effects of Modified Hatha Yoga in Industrial Rehabilitation on Physical Fitness and Stress of Injured Workers.

Rachiwong 81, Panasiriwong P, 8aosomphop J, Widjaja W, Ajjimaporn A.

METHODS:Female injured workers, participated in this 8-week study. They were
divided into two groups: an additive hatha yoga training to routine industrial rehabilitation program group and a control group with no yoga training. Physical fitness variables including flexibility of lower back and hamstrings, hand grip strength and lung capacity and scores of sensitivity to stress were evaluated at the time of recruitment and after 8 weeks of intervention.

RESULTS: The values of all physical fitness variables and stress scores were no significant difference between the two groups at baseline. The Hatha yoga group experienced exerted increased flexibility of the lower back and hamstrings,,as well as increased hand grip strength and vital capacity.

 

HIV

J Altern Complement Med. 2015 Mar;21(3):152-8. doi: 10.1089/acm.2014.0112. Epub 2015 Feb 19.

A pilot feasibility and acceptability study of yoga/meditation on the quality of life and markers of stress in persons living with HIV who also use crack cocaine.

Agarwal RP1, Kumar A, Lewis JE.

METHODS: This pilot study compared the feasibility and acceptability of 60-minute,YM for 2 months with those of no-contact control and to evaluate the effects of the intervention on QOL (according to the Short Form-36, Perceived Stress Scale [PSS], and Impact of Events Scale [IES]) and) among PLWH who use crack cocaine.Participants were randomly assigned to YM or no-contact control groups and were assessed at baseline, 2 months after the intervention, and at a 4 month follow-up.

RESULTS: The YM program was acceptable and feasible, with high overall attendance (89%)
and individual participation in yoga sessions (83%). YM participants showed improvement on The PSS total score and the IES intrusion.score improved significantly 2-months after the
intervention, .

 

Indian J Med Res. 2015 Jan;141(1):90-9.

Sudarshan Kriya yoga improves quality of life in healthy people living with HIV (PLHIV): results from an open label randomized clinical trial.

Mawar N1, Katendra T, Bagul R, Bembalkar S, Vedamurthachar A, Tripathy S, Srinivas K, Mandar K, Kumar N, Gupte N, Paranjape RS.

METHODS: In this open label randomized controlled pilot trial, 61 adult PLHIV with CD4 count more than 400 ceIIs and Karnofsky scale score above 70 were enrolled.. All were given standard care and randomized to SKY intervention and only standard of care in control group. The I-SKY participants were trained for six days to prepare for daily practice of SKY at home for 30 min. A validated 31-item WHOQOL-HIVBREF questionnaire was used to document effect in both groups from baseline to three visits at 4 wk intervals..
RESULTS: Baseline QOL scores and CD4 count were similar in both groups. An overall 6 per cent improvement of QOL scores was observed in I-SKY group as compared to the control group, after controlling for baseline variables like age, gender, education and occupation:. 12 per cent for physical 11 per cent psychological and 9 per cent for independence domains. .

 

J Clin Diagn Res. 2015 Feb;9(2):CC01-5. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2015/11426.5551. Epub 2015 Feb 1.

Effect of yoga module on pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in industrial workers of lonavla: a randomized controlled trial.
Rajbhoj PH1, Shete su1, Verma A 1, Bhogal RS2.

METHODS: Inflammatory markers play a very important role in body's defense mechanism. Pro-inflammatory markers and anti-inflammatory markers counterbalance each other.Forty-eight male industrial workers were .randomly divided into experimental (n=24) & control (n=24) groups. Pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1and anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 were evaluated at the baseline and at the end of a12 wk period
RESULTS: The yoga group showed a decrease in IL-1whereas the control group revealed no change in IL-1 and IL-10.

 

INFERTILITY

Reprod Biomed Online. 2015 May;30(5):542-8. doi: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2015.01.011

A prospective study using Hatha Yoga for stress reduction among women waiting for IVF treatment.

Reprod Biomed Online. 2015 May;30(5):542-8. doi: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2015.01.011

A prospective study using Hatha Yoga for stress reduction among women waiting for IVF treatment.

Oron G, Allnutt E, Lackman T, Sokal-Arnon T, Holzer H, Takefman J.

METHODS:In this single-centre study, 49 women waiting for IVF treatment for infertility participated in a 6-week yoga class.Study participants were asked to complete standardized questionnaires assessing fertility-related quality of life (FertiQoL), marital harmony (Dyadic Adjustment Scale [DAS]) , state and trait anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory [STAI]) and depression (Beck Depression Inventory [BDI]) before commencing and after completing the Yoga workshops.
RESULTS:Anxiety, depression and fertility-specific quality of life showed improvement over time in association with participation in a 6-week Yoga program in women awaiting their treatment with IVF.

 

MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

J BodywMovTher.2015Jan;19(1):72-81.doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2014.04.004E.pub2014Apr 16.

Yoga therapy and ambulatory multiple sclerosis Assessment of gait analysis parameters, fatigue and balance.
Guner , Inanici F.

METHODS: Gait impairment, falls due to balance problems and fatigue are among the most important complaints in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). In this study, multiple sclerosis patients were givena 12-week yoga program. At their baseline and after yoga therapy, the Fatigue Severity Scale(FSS) and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) were used to assess fatigue and balance.

RESULTS: Fatigue was significantly decreased and walking speed was increased._~

 

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2015;37(2):209-19. doi: 10.1080/13803395.2014.1001723. Epub 2015 Feb 6.

Acute effects of walking, cycling, and yoga exercise on cognition in persons with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis without impaired cognitive processing speed.

Sandroff BM, Hillman CH, Benedict RH, Motl RW.

METHODS: Cognitive impairment is a highly prevalent, disabling, and poorly managed consequence of multiple sclerosis .The current study compared the acute effects of moderate-intensity treadmill walking, moderate-intensity cycle ergometry, and guided yoga with those of quiet rest on executive control in 24 persons with relapsing-remitting MS without impaired cognitive processing speed. Participants completed a measure of executive control immediately prior to and following each condition.
RESULTS: general pre-to-post improvements occurred in reaction time but not accuracy, on-the cognitive task.·

 

MedJ IslamRepubIran.2014Dec6;28:141.eColiection2014.

Comparison of regular aerobic and yoga on the quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis.

Hassanpour-DehkordiA, Jivad N

METHODS: The pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by fatigue, motor weakness, and spasticity, to name a few. MS symptoms may lead to physical inactivity associated with the development of secondary diseases. This study investigated the effect of regular aerobic exercise and yoga on the quality of life of patients with MS.

RESULTS: There were no significant differences among the scores of quality of life in the three groups prior to investigation. After the intervention, the yoga and the aerobic groups showed a higher mean score compared than the control group.

 

PARKINSONS

Int J Yoga Therap. 2014 Sep;24:31-41.

Measuring the effect of an eight-week adaptive yoga program on the physical and psychological status of individuals with Parkinson's disease. A pilot study.

Boulgarides LK, Barakatt E, Coleman-Salgado B.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease that affects muscle tone, strength, flexibility, motor control, psychological outlook, cognition, and function. The purpose of this study was to assess the outcome of individuals with PD after an 8-week adaptive yoga proqram. In a repeated measures design, 10 participants with a Hoehn and Yahr stage of 2 or 3 were tested prior to and after an 8-week control phase and again after they underwent an 8-week adaptive yoga program.
RESULTS: Improvement was noted on the Hospital-Anxiety and' Depression ·Scale, the Sit-and-Reach Test and the Single-Leg Balance test .

 

Int J Yoga. 2015 Jan;8(1):74-9. doi: 10.4103/0973-6131.146070.

A randomized controlled pilot study of the therapeutic effects of yoga in people with Parkinson's disease.

Sharma NK,Robbins K, Wagner K, Colgrove YM.

METHODS:Parkinson's disease (PO) produces progressive motor and cognitive deterioration that may leave those inflicted unable to participate in standard exercise programs. Alternative forms of exercise such as yoga may be successful in improving physical function, QOL and physiological variables for overall well-being.This randomized controlled pilot study investigated the effectiveness of yoga intervention on physiological and health-related QOL measures in people with PD.The yoga group participated in twice-weekly yoga sessions for 12 weeks. Participants were tested at baseline, and at 6 and 12 weeks using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), clinical measures of health-related QOL and physiological measures.

RESULTS: Significant'fimprovements were noted in QOL, diastolic-blood pressure was reduced,
averaqe-forced vital capacity was increased and tremors were reduced in the yoga 'group over time.

 

PERINATAL DEPRESSION

J Holist Nurs. 2015 Apr 20. pii: 0898010115577976. [Epub ahead of print] {

Efficacy, Feasibility, and Acceptability of Perinatal Yoga on women's Mental Health and Well-Being: A Systematic Literature Review.

Sheffield KM, Woods-Giscombe CL.

METHODS:Perinatal major depressive disorder affects 20% of women, while perinatal
4
anxiety affects 10% of women. Although pharmacological treatment has been effective,
many pregnant women are concerned about potential adverse effects on the fetus, maternal­ infant bonding, and child development. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine existing empirical literature on yoga and its effects on women's health and well-being during the perinatal period. Literature searches were performed using four electronic databases: CINAHL, PubMed, PsyciNFO, and EMBASE. Thirteen publications met inclusion criteria.

RESULTS: Results indicated that yoga" interventions are generally effective in reducing anxiety and depression in pregnant women.

 


PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME

j Altern Complement Med. 2015 May 12. [Epub ahead of print]

The Acute Effects of Yoga on Cognitive Measures for Women with
Premenstrual Syndromes.

Wu WL Lin TY, Chu IH, Liang JM.

METHODS: This study examined the attention task results of women with PMS. Eleven women with PMS and 9 women without PMS were recruited. The PMS group took the tests before and immediately after the yoga class both in the luteal and follicular phase of one menstrual cycle, while the control group took the tests only twice: once in the luteal phase and once in the follicular phase.

RESULTS:The results of this study suggest that women with PMS could attend short-term yoga exercise in the luteal phase to make themselves feel better and maintain a better attention level.

 

Womens Health Issues. 2015 Mar-Apr;25(2):134-41. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2014.12.003.

Potential for prenatal yoga to serve as an intervention to treat depression during pregnancy.

Battle CL, Uebelacker LA, Magee SR, Sutton KA, Miller IW

METHODS: A 10-week prenatal yoga program for antenatal depression was offered to 34 depressed pregnant women from the community in this pilot study.

RESULTS: Results suggested that the prenatal yoga group showed decreased decreased depression based on observations and self-reports.

 

RESPIRATORY FUNCTION

J Hum Kinet. 2014 Nov 12;43:177-84. doi: 10.2478/hukin-2014-0103. eColiection 2014.

Do 12-week yoga program influence respiratory function of elderly women?
Sezerra LA, de Melo HF, Garay Ap, Reis VM, Aidar FJ, Sodas AR, Garrido N0, de Oliveira RJ.

METHODS:The effects of yoga were assessed on pulmonary volumes and respiratory muscle strength in 36 elderly women divided into a yoga group [YG] (63.1 ± 13.3 years of age) and a control group (61.0 ± 6.9 years of age). Maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure (MIP and MEP) were assessed by a manovacuometer and tidal volume (VT) , vital capacity (VC) and minute ventilation (VE) were measured by a ventilometer. The program comprised 65 min sessions, 3 times/week during 12 weeks.

RESULTS: Heart rate and respiratory rate decreased significantly in the yoga group
and VE increased significantly as well as vital capacity.

 

Oron G, Allnutt E, Lackman T, Sokal-Arnon T, Holzer H, Takefman J.

METHODS:In this single-centre study, 49 women waiting for IVF treatment for infertility participated in a 6-week yoga class.Study participants were asked to complete standardized questionnaires assessing fertility-related quality of life (FertiQoL), marital harmony (Dyadic Adjustment Scale [DAS]) , state and trait anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory [STAI]) and depression (Beck Depression Inventory [BDI]) before commencing and after completing the Yoga workshops.
RESULTS:Anxiety, depression and fertility-specific quality of life showed improvement over time in association with participation in a 6-week Yoga program in women awaiting their treatment with IVF.

 

MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

J BodywMovTher.2015Jan;19(1):72-81.doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2014.04.004E.pub2014Apr 16.

Yoga therapy and ambulatory multiple sclerosis Assessment of gait analysis parameters, fatigue and balance.
Guner , Inanici F.

METHODS: Gait impairment, falls due to balance problems and fatigue are among the most important complaints in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). In this study, multiple sclerosis patients were givena 12-week yoga program. At their baseline and after yoga therapy, the Fatigue Severity Scale(FSS) and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) were used to assess fatigue and balance.

RESULTS: Fatigue was significantly decreased and walking speed was increased._~

 

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2015;37(2):209-19. doi: 10.1080/13803395.2014.1001723. Epub 2015 Feb 6.

Acute effects of walking, cycling, and yoga exercise on cognition in persons with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis without impaired cognitive processing speed.

Sandroff BM, Hillman CH, Benedict RH, Motl RW.

METHODS: Cognitive impairment is a highly prevalent, disabling, and poorly managed consequence of multiple sclerosis .The current study compared the acute effects of moderate-intensity treadmill walking, moderate-intensity cycle ergometry, and guided yoga with those of quiet rest on executive control in 24 persons with relapsing-remitting MS without impaired cognitive processing speed. Participants completed a measure of executive control immediately prior to and following each condition.
RESULTS: general pre-to-post improvements occurred in reaction time but not accuracy, on-the cognitive task.·

 

MedJ IslamRepubIran.2014Dec6;28:141.eColiection2014.

Comparison of regular aerobic and yoga on the quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis.

Hassanpour-DehkordiA, Jivad N

METHODS: The pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by fatigue, motor weakness, and spasticity, to name a few. MS symptoms may lead to physical inactivity associated with the development of secondary diseases. This study investigated the effect of regular aerobic exercise and yoga on the quality of life of patients with MS.

RESULTS: There were no significant differences among the scores of quality of life in the three groups prior to investigation. After the intervention, the yoga and the aerobic groups showed a higher mean score compared than the control group.

 

PARKINSONS

Int J Yoga Therap. 2014 Sep;24:31-41.

Measuring the effect of an eight-week adaptive yoga program on the physical and psychological status of individuals with Parkinson's disease. A pilot study.

Boulgarides LK, Barakatt E, Coleman-Salgado B.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease that affects muscle tone, strength, flexibility, motor control, psychological outlook, cognition, and function. The purpose of this study was to assess the outcome of individuals with PD after an 8-week adaptive yoga proqram. In a repeated measures design, 10 participants with a Hoehn and Yahr stage of 2 or 3 were tested prior to and after an 8-week control phase and again after they underwent an 8-week adaptive yoga program.
RESULTS: Improvement was noted on the Hospital-Anxiety and' Depression ·Scale, the Sit-and-Reach Test and the Single-Leg Balance test .

 

Int J Yoga. 2015 Jan;8(1):74-9. doi: 10.4103/0973-6131.146070.

A randomized controlled pilot study of the therapeutic effects of yoga in people with Parkinson's disease.

Sharma NK,Robbins K, Wagner K, Colgrove YM.

METHODS:Parkinson's disease (PO) produces progressive motor and cognitive deterioration that may leave those inflicted unable to participate in standard exercise programs. Alternative forms of exercise such as yoga may be successful in improving physical function, QOL and physiological variables for overall well-being.This randomized controlled pilot study investigated the effectiveness of yoga intervention on physiological and health-related QOL measures in people with PD.The yoga group participated in twice-weekly yoga sessions for 12 weeks. Participants were tested at baseline, and at 6 and 12 weeks using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), clinical measures of health-related QOL and physiological measures.

RESULTS: Significant'fimprovements were noted in QOL, diastolic-blood pressure was reduced,
averaqe-forced vital capacity was increased and tremors were reduced in the yoga 'group over time.

 

PERINATAL DEPRESSION

J Holist Nurs. 2015 Apr 20. pii: 0898010115577976. [Epub ahead of print] {

Efficacy, Feasibility, and Acceptability of Perinatal Yoga on women's Mental Health and Well-Being: A Systematic Literature Review.

Sheffield KM, Woods-Giscombe CL.

METHODS:Perinatal major depressive disorder affects 20% of women, while perinatal
4
anxiety affects 10% of women. Although pharmacological treatment has been effective,
many pregnant women are concerned about potential adverse effects on the fetus, maternal­ infant bonding, and child development. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine existing empirical literature on yoga and its effects on women's health and well-being during the perinatal period. Literature searches were performed using four electronic databases: CINAHL, PubMed, PsyciNFO, and EMBASE. Thirteen publications met inclusion criteria.

RESULTS: Results indicated that yoga" interventions are generally effective in reducing anxiety and depression in pregnant women.

 

PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME

j Altern Complement Med. 2015 May 12. [Epub ahead of print]

The Acute Effects of Yoga on Cognitive Measures for Women with Premenstrual Syndromes.

Wu WL Lin TY, Chu IH, Liang JM.

METHODS: This study examined the attention task results of women with PMS. Eleven women with PMS and 9 women without PMS were recruited. The PMS group took the tests before and immediately after the yoga class both in the luteal and follicular phase of one menstrual cycle, while the control group took the tests only twice: once in the luteal phase and once in the follicular phase.
RESULTS:The results of this study suggest that women with PMS could attend short-term yoga exercise in the luteal phase to make themselves feel better and maintain a better attention level.

 

Womens Health Issues. 2015 Mar-Apr;25(2):134-41. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2014.12.003.

Potential for prenatal yoga to serve as an intervention to treat depression during pregnancy.

Battle CL, Uebelacker LA, Magee SR, Sutton KA, Miller IW

METHODS: A 10-week prenatal yoga program for antenatal depression was offered to 34 depressed pregnant women from the community in this pilot study.

RESULTS: Results suggested that the prenatal yoga group showed decreased decreased depression based on observations and self-reports.

 

RESPIRATORY FUNCTION

J Hum Kinet. 2014 Nov 12;43:177-84. doi: 10.2478/hukin-2014-0103. eColiection 2014.

Do 12-week yoga program influence respiratory function of elderly women?
Sezerra LA, de Melo HF, Garay Ap, Reis VM, Aidar FJ, Sodas AR, Garrido N0, de Oliveira RJ.

METHODS:The effects of yoga were assessed on pulmonary volumes and respiratory muscle strength in 36 elderly women divided into a yoga group [YG] (63.1 ± 13.3 years of age) and a control group (61.0 ± 6.9 years of age). Maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure (MIP and MEP) were assessed by a manovacuometer and tidal volume (VT) , vital capacity (VC) and minute ventilation (VE) were measured by a ventilometer. The program comprised 65 min sessions, 3 times/week during 12 weeks.
RESULTS: Heart rate and respiratory rate decreased significantly in the yoga group
and VE increased significantly as well as vital capacity.